Advances in Social Sciences and Management https://hspublishing.org/ASSM <p><strong>Advances in Social Sciences and Management (ASSM)</strong> is an open access and peer-reviewed international journal published on monthly bases. Our journal aims to provide a platform for scholars and practitioners to share their innovative ideas, methods, and findings in the field of social sciences. In this edition, we have assembled a diverse collection of research articles that cover a broad range of topics within the social sciences. Our contributors come from different parts of the world, and their research draws on a range of theoretical perspectives and methodological approaches. We hope that our readers will find these articles informative and thought-provoking.</p> en-US office@headstartnetwork.org (Faruk Soban) assm@hspublishing.org (Robert Hurley) Sat, 06 Apr 2024 13:00:08 +0100 OJS 3.3.0.13 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Capacity Building Initiatives for the Informally Trained Mechanics on the Repairs and Servces of Modern Motor Vehicles for Sustaining Service Workshops in Nsukka, Nigeria https://hspublishing.org/ASSM/article/view/410 <p>As a result of the complexity of the innovative technologies embedded in the modern motor vehicles components, systems, sub-systems and because of the &nbsp;increasing sensitivity in &nbsp;technology transfer which has consequently facilitate the assimilation and adaptation of technology, has posed a challenge to the informally trained&nbsp; motor vehicle mechanics in the repairs and services of modern motor vehicles which suffice the need&nbsp; to ameliorate their capacity building needs. The study was therefore design to identify areas of the modern motor vehicles components, systems and sub-systems where the mechanics requires capacity and proffering some capacity building initiatives for coping with the challenges of the innovative technologies in modern motor vehicles for sustaining service workshops. Two research questions were stated in line with the specific purpose of the study. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The population for the study is 150 comprising the master craftsmen, journey-men and apprentices in the informal sector of motor vehicle repair and service workshops. A thirty two (32) items questionnaire was developed from an extensive review of literature on the different areas of modern motor vehicles components, systems, sub-systems, and proffered capacity building initiates for coping with the challenges of the innovative technologies in modern motor vehicles for sustaining service workshops. Three experts from the department of Industrial Technical Education, University of Nigeria, Nsukka with stress in Automobile Technology validated the instrument. Cronbach Alpha reliability method was used to determine the internal consistency of the instrument. A reliability coefficient of 0.88 was obtained. The data were analyzed using the mean and standard deviation. It was found out that eighteen (18) questionnaire items were considered as the different areas of modern motor vehicles components, systems, sub-systems, where the mechanics requires capacity and fourteen (14) questionnaire items were also considered as the&nbsp;&nbsp; proffered capacity building initiates for coping with the challenges of the innovative technologies in modern motor vehicles for sustaining service workshops. It was therefore recommended that stakeholders should implement the capacity building initiates for coping with the challenges of the innovative technologies in modern motor vehicles such as, given incentives or remunerations/ wages, the master craftsmen should be encouraged to embark on training to widen or broaden his knowledge on innovations in automobile and transfer same to his apprentices for sustaining service workshops.</p> Olaitan Olawale Opeyemi, Olaitan Tawakalitu Mary Copyright (c) 2024 Olaitan Olawale Opeyemi, Olaitan Tawakalitu Mary http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://hspublishing.org/ASSM/article/view/410 Sat, 06 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0100 A University Vice Chancellor-in-Waiting Speaks https://hspublishing.org/ASSM/article/view/416 <p>My joys knew no bounds when on March 15, 2024 I had the fortune to be in the ’Next Generation Nalanda’ campus (of the World’s First Residential University in Nalanda, India from 427 till 1197); in the ultimate the revival and rejuvenation of the ancient Nalanda proposed by Dr A P J Abdul Kalam, Former President of India and now called as Nalanda International University, Rajgir, Bihar, India. What a Greatest Center of Higher Learning in the ancient world and now to attract the first-rate students from around the world. &nbsp;&nbsp;</p> K C Mishra Copyright (c) 2024 K C Mishra http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://hspublishing.org/ASSM/article/view/416 Sat, 06 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0100 Synchronous and Asynchronous Digital Tools for Real Life Support and Skills- Lessons Learnt from Covid 19 https://hspublishing.org/ASSM/article/view/420 <p>The current pandemic has surprised language educators. Globally, educators have been forced to implement online platforms and remote pedagogies.&nbsp; Online or virtual situations are challenging for students and teachers. Distance learning has become the norm. They must deal with a situation for which they never had any formal training or orientation. Although language learners have weathered this new crisis well, language instructors remain challenged with remote teaching's complexities. In this research proposal, the researcher examines how language educators have adapted to remote learning and discusses how they have implemented synchronous and asynchronous digital tools like OneNote in their language classrooms.</p> Rana Khan Copyright (c) 2024 Rana Khan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://hspublishing.org/ASSM/article/view/420 Wed, 17 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0100 Distributed Leadership: A Panacea or Epistemic Injustice https://hspublishing.org/ASSM/article/view/421 <p>Distributed leadership has been a topic of discussion for more than two decades now. scholars define it as a new form of leadership that is inclusive and epistemically just, as it is based on social interactions of leaders and followers rather than on their roles (Spillane and Sherer, 2004). These social interactions, however, may be constrained due to the situations in which they take place. Distributed leadership if not exercised in controlled conditions with regulated and clearly specified guidelines, may lead to marginalization and epistemic injustice. In this paper, distributed leadership has been examined and investigated with a critical lens to highlight the ensuing epistemic injustice that prevents individuals, from certain disadvantaged backgrounds, to contribute to knowledge sharing and co-creation. They are marginalized and professionally bullied into accepting unsolicited roles and responsibilities without any acknowledgement of their true worth (Hargreaves, 2008). This paper uses a personal narrative to support the claims raised in contradiction of some existing distributed leadership theories. The author examines distributed leadership critically drawing comparisons from her narrative while emphasizing on the importance of further research to establish its significance and true worth. The author concludes with a note that distributed leadership is not a panacea for all leadership problems. It needs to be strengthened in a congenial environment and culture with collective responsibility from all.</p> Rana Khan Copyright (c) 2024 Rana Khan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://hspublishing.org/ASSM/article/view/421 Wed, 17 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0100 Toward Eternal Peace in the Universe https://hspublishing.org/ASSM/article/view/433 <p>This study is concerned with the origin of war and way to eternal peace in the world. The origin of war is our fighting instinct accompanying with any weapon including iron bar and/or gun, and as long as it exists, in principle it is impossible for human society to avoid the war. In other words, since war is caused by fighting instinct that exists in the hearts of human beings, the first step to root out the war among us is to abandon all weapons at all. It is inferred that this is the start for eternal peace in our society and world, &nbsp;&nbsp;All of us are children of the God, there is no reason to fight each other with weapons.&nbsp;&nbsp; Let’s regain the Paradise on the Earth by establishing the Upper House in United Nations consisting of religious and/or saint leaders.&nbsp;&nbsp; To achieve eternal peace in the world, it is essential to harmonize discrepancies regardless of size among religions and to make disarmament until no weapons.&nbsp;&nbsp; Finally, but not least, proposed is quasi-war, in which people having strong fighting instinct play certain sports game between two conflicting countries instead of war using bloodshed weapons.&nbsp; It may be possible for us to solve the problem by fighting the sports games such as soccer, rugby and so on, under the strict rules.&nbsp; In this way, anyone could control fighting instinct adequately but peacefully. Accordingly, all of us can contribute to build up the Paradise where we live in luxury and in harmony.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Takeo R. M. Nakagawa, Akiyoshi Kinami Copyright (c) 2024 Takeo R. M. Nakagawa, Akiyoshi Kinami http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://hspublishing.org/ASSM/article/view/433 Wed, 17 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0100