The Three-Fold Cords in Rescue Operations


  • Adebisi Sunday Adesina Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics, University of Lagos, Akoka,Yaba, Nigeria, West Africa


Fire services, flood, hazards, protection, natural disaster


In the fundamentals of the basis rescue operations, is embedded the major three aspects involving the disaster management entities. These include the transportation, water as well as the fire disasters. The safety of any environments or communities’ rests solely and majorly on the level or the degree of managing the entire situations. Fire entails a very complex chemical process. The fire science is a branch of physical science which includes fire behavior, dynamics, and combustion. The physics of combustion determines when and where we have a fire. The diffusion flame process(fire)consists of three basic elements: fuel, oxygen, and heat. these basic components have been recognized in the comprehensive study of the science of fire. A fire itself is the result of a chemical reaction known as combustion, where fuel and oxygen react with one another and atoms rearrange themselves irreversibly. For this to occur, fuel must reach its ignition temperature, and combustion will continue if there is enough fuel, heat and oxygen. It’s a state, process, or instance of combustion in which fuel or other material is ignited and combined with oxygen, giving off light, heat, flame. And various reaction products. Transportation systems are designed to move people, goods and services efficiently, economically and safely from one point on the earth’s surface to another. Despite this broad goal, there are many environmental hazards that commonly disrupt or damage these systems at a variety of spatial and temporal scales. Whereas road curve geometry and other engineered hazards can be addressed through design hazards such as extreme weather, landslides and earthquakes are much more difficult to predict, manage and mitigate. Droughts leading to over-extraction of water, permafrost melt, increased karsts dissolution from precipitation, clay soil shrinkage, and other factors can result in ground subsidence or collapse. Impacts include potential loss of human life or injuries, building and infrastructure damage, flooding, saline intrusion to groundwater, poor drainage, and loss of agricultural land. There are three primary hazards—floods, droughts, and extreme storms. Floods affect the greatest number of people annually In terms of economic damage, floods result in the highest annual damage. In this paper, a clear survey and analysis of the three-fold means which are involved in any rescue operational processes supports and services